Stimulant-Induced Disorder

Stimulant-Induced Disorder 150 150 Tony Guo

Stimulant-Induced Disorder

  • Intoxication
    • Amphetamine and cocaine intoxication produce euphoria, impaired judgment, confusion, and changes in vital signs (even coma or death, depending on amount consumed).
    • Caffeine intoxication usually occurs following consumption in excess of 250 milligrams. Restlessness and insomnia are the most common symptoms.
  • Withdrawal
    • Amphetamine and cocaine withdrawal may result in dysphoria, fatigue, sleep disturbances, and increased appetite.
    • Withdrawal from caffeine may include headache, fatigue, drowsiness, irritability, muscle pain and stiffness, and nausea and vomiting.
    • Withdrawal from nicotine may include dysphoria, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, irritability, restlessness, and increased appetite.

Inhalant Use Disorder

  • Profile of the substance
    • Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons are found in substances such as fuels, solvents, adhesives, aerosol propellants, and paint thinners.
  • Patterns of use/abuse
    • They are readily available, legal, and inexpensive
  • Effects on the body
    • C N S effects – can affect both the central and peripheral nervous system damage. Neurological damage, such as ataxia, peripheral and sensorimotor neuropathy, speech problems, and tremor, can occur.
    • Respiratory effects – Range from coughing and wheezing to dyspnea, emphysema, and pneumonia
    • Gastrointestinal effects – Abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting may occur
    • Renal system effects – Acute and chronic renal failure and hepatorenal syndrome have occurred.

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