Stimulant-Induced DisorderStimulant-Induced Disorder https://urgentcarenearmetx.com/wp-content/themes/corpus/images/empty/thumbnail.jpg 150 150 Tony Guo Tony Guo https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/aa9bbdf8f1e6bbf534778ecea7c0c925?s=96&d=mm&r=g
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- Amphetamine and cocaine intoxication produce euphoria, impaired judgment, confusion, and changes in vital signs (even coma or death, depending on amount consumed).
- Caffeine intoxication usually occurs following consumption in excess of 250 milligrams. Restlessness and insomnia are the most common symptoms.
- Amphetamine and cocaine withdrawal may result in dysphoria, fatigue, sleep disturbances, and increased appetite.
- Withdrawal from caffeine may include headache, fatigue, drowsiness, irritability, muscle pain and stiffness, and nausea and vomiting.
- Withdrawal from nicotine may include dysphoria, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, irritability, restlessness, and increased appetite.
Inhalant Use Disorder
- Profile of the substance
- Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons are found in substances such as fuels, solvents, adhesives, aerosol propellants, and paint thinners.
- Patterns of use/abuse
- They are readily available, legal, and inexpensive
- Effects on the body
- C N S effects – can affect both the central and peripheral nervous system damage. Neurological damage, such as ataxia, peripheral and sensorimotor neuropathy, speech problems, and tremor, can occur.
- Respiratory effects – Range from coughing and wheezing to dyspnea, emphysema, and pneumonia
- Gastrointestinal effects – Abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting may occur
- Renal system effects – Acute and chronic renal failure and hepatorenal syndrome have occurred.