Sedative/Hypnotic-Induced Disorder

Sedative/Hypnotic-Induced Disorder 150 150 Tony Guo

Sedative/Hypnotic-Induced Disorder

  • Intoxication
    • With these central nervous system (C N S) depressants, effects can range from disinhibition and aggressiveness to coma and death (with increasing dosages of the drug).
  • Withdrawal
    • Onset of symptoms depends on the half-life of the drug from which the person is withdrawing.
    • Severe withdrawal from C N S depressants can be
      life-threatening.

Stimulant Use Disorder

  • Profile of the substance
    • Amphetamines
    • Synthetic stimulants
    • Non-amphetamine stimulants
    • Cocaine
    • Caffeine
    • Nicotine
  • Patterns of use
    • People use it mostly because of their pleasurable effects
  • Effects on the body
    • C N S effects – results in tremor, restlessness, anorexia, insomnia, agitation, and increased motor activity.
    • Cardiovascular effects – amphetamines increases systolic and diastolic pressure, heart rate, and chances of cardiac arrhythmias. Cocaine leads to myocardial demand for oxygen and an increased heart rate
    • Pulmonary effects
    • Gastrointestinal and renal effects- Leads to decrease in GI tract motility thus results in constipation.
    • Sexual functioning – increases sexual urges in both genders

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