Inhalant-Induced Disorder

Inhalant-Induced Disorder 150 150 Tony Guo

Inhalant-Induced Disorder

  • Intoxication
    • Develops during or shortly after use of or exposure to volatile inhalants
    • Symptoms include:
      • Dizziness, ataxia, muscle weakness
      • Euphoria, excitation, disinhibition, slurred speech
      • Nystagmus, blurred or double vision
      • Psychomotor retardation, hypoactive reflexes
      • Stupor or coma
  • Withdrawal
    • May occur after chronic and long-term use
    • Symptoms may include:
      • Restlessness, nausea and vomiting,
      • Runny nose and watery eyes,
      • Poor attention and concentration, and mood changes.

Opioid Use Disorder

  • Profile of the substance
    • Opioids of natural origin
    • Opioid derivatives
    • Synthetic opiate-like drugs
  • Patterns of use/abuse
    • Two ways in which patients get addicted
      • Obtaining the drug by prescription from a physician for the relief of a medical problem
      • Individuals who use the drugs for recreational purposes and obtain them from illegal sources
  • Effects on the body
    • C N S effects – Euphoria, mood changes, and mental clouding.
    • Gastrointestinal effects – Stomach and intestinal tone are increased, but peristalsis in the intestine is diminished
    • Cardiovascular effects
    • Sexual functioning – Causes a decrease in sexual function and diminished libido that can lead to erectile dysfunction, impotence, and orgasm failure for both male and female.

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