Health Disparities and Culturally Competent Care

Health Disparities and Culturally Competent Care 150 150 Tony Guo

Health Disparities and Culturally Competent Care

Determinants of Health

  • This are factors that influence the health of an individual or groups and help explain why some people experience poorer health than others

Health Status

  • Health of a person or a community
    • Individual- sum of their current health problem plus their coping resources like family and financial resources.
    • Community- Includes birth and death rates, life expectancy, access to care, and morbidity and mortality rates related to disease and injuries respectively

Health Disparities and Health Equity

  • Factors and conditions leading to health disparities
    • Ethnicity and race
      • Conditions are subjective
      • Clients are asked to identify their own ethnicity and race for the purpose of health data collection
      • Collection of health data based on self-reported ethnic and race categories is important for research, to inform policy, and to understand and eliminate disparities.
    • Place
      • Where a person is born, grows, lives, works, and ages
      • This affects the use of health services, health status, and health behaviors.
    • Income, education, or occupation
      • People of lower income, education, or occupational status experience worse health, and die at a younger age than those who are more affluent.
      • Patients who lack knowledge are at risk.
    • Health literacy
      • Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
    • Gender & Age
      • Adult women use health care services more than men like women may not receive the same quality of care
      • Older adults are at risk for experiencing health disparities in the number of diagnostic tests performed and aggressiveness of treatments use
    • Sexual orientation
      • Main concern is LGBT
    • Health care provider attitudes
      • Stereotyping
      • Prejudice
      • Discrimination
      • Bias

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