Health Disparities and Culturally Competent CareHealth Disparities and Culturally Competent Care https://urgentcarenearmetx.com/wp-content/themes/corpus/images/empty/thumbnail.jpg 150 150 Tony Guo Tony Guo https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/aa9bbdf8f1e6bbf534778ecea7c0c925?s=96&d=mm&r=g
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Health Disparities and Culturally Competent Care
Determinants of Health
- This are factors that influence the health of an individual or groups and help explain why some people experience poorer health than others
- Health of a person or a community
- Individual- sum of their current health problem plus their coping resources like family and financial resources.
- Community- Includes birth and death rates, life expectancy, access to care, and morbidity and mortality rates related to disease and injuries respectively
Health Disparities and Health Equity
- Factors and conditions leading to health disparities
- Ethnicity and race
- Conditions are subjective
- Clients are asked to identify their own ethnicity and race for the purpose of health data collection
- Collection of health data based on self-reported ethnic and race categories is important for research, to inform policy, and to understand and eliminate disparities.
- Where a person is born, grows, lives, works, and ages
- This affects the use of health services, health status, and health behaviors.
- Income, education, or occupation
- People of lower income, education, or occupational status experience worse health, and die at a younger age than those who are more affluent.
- Patients who lack knowledge are at risk.
- Health literacy
- Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
- Gender & Age
- Adult women use health care services more than men like women may not receive the same quality of care
- Older adults are at risk for experiencing health disparities in the number of diagnostic tests performed and aggressiveness of treatments use
- Sexual orientation
- Main concern is LGBT
- Health care provider attitudes
- Ethnicity and race