Alcoholics Anonymous

Alcoholics Anonymous 150 150 Tony Guo

Alcoholics Anonymous

A major self-help organization for the treatment of alcoholism

Based on the concept of:

Peer support

Acceptance

Understanding from others who have experienced the same problem

The 12 steps that embody the philosophy of A A provide specific guidelines on how to attain and maintain sobriety.

Total abstinence is promoted as the only cure; the person can never safely return to social drinking.

Treatment Modalities for Substance-Related Disorders

Various support groups patterned after A A, but for individuals with problems with other substances

Counseling

Group therapy

Pharmacotherapy for Alcoholism

Disulfiram (Antabuse)

Alcohol withdrawal

Benzodiazepines

Anticonvulsants

Multivitamin therapy

Thiamine

Psychopharmacology for substance intoxication and substance withdrawal

Other medications

Naltrexone (ReVia)

Nalmefene (Revex)

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (S S R I’s)

Acamprosate (Campral)

Opioids

Narcotic antagonists

Naloxone (Narcan)

Naltrexone (ReVia)

Nalmefene (Revex)

Buprenorphine

Methadone

Clonidine

Depressants

Phenobarbital (Luminal)

Long-acting benzodiazepines

Stimulants

Minor tranquilizers

Major tranquilizers

Anticonvulsants

Antidepressants

Hallucinogens and cannabinols

Benzodiazepines

Antipsychotics

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