Alcohol

Alcohol 150 150 Tony Guo

Alcohol

  • 65% of Americans 18 and older consume alcohol
  • Alcoholism (AUD) affects 7.2%
    • Risky drinking
    • Binge drinking
  • Effects of Use
    • Affects almost all cells of the body
      • All areas and functions of the CNS
      • Centers for impulse control, mood, behavior, motor activity coordination, respiratory, and cardiac function
    • Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)
      • BAC refers to the amount of alcohol contained in a person’s blood
      • Tolerant person drinks larger amounts than non-tolerant drinkers without obvious impairment
  • Complications
    • Numerous drug interactions
      • Additive effects of antihypertensives, antihistamines, antianginals
      • GI bleeding with ASA
      • Liver damage with acetaminophen
      • Potentiating effects of CNS depressants and alcohol
    • Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome
      • Abrupt cessation of alcohol use
      • Onset depends on quantity, frequency, pattern, and duration of use
      • Within a few hours after last drink
      • Peaks after 24-48 hours

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